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Officers and senior NCOs in 17th Fires Brigade participated in Junior Officer Legal Orientation training Jan. 4 and 7.
The 17th Fires Brigade is the first brigade to receive the training (in 7th Infantry Division), said Capt. John Nelson, the senior trial counsel with 7th Inf. Div., and JOLO instructor. Shortly all of the brigades under the 7th Infantry Division footprint will receive the training.
JOLO is an eight-hour course created by the 7th Inf. Div. to educate and develop leaders.
Staff judge advocate officers from the division staff modeled the training on courses typically taken by brigade commanders and general officers.
The JOLO course is designed to educate company and battery leaders about the effective and fair use of options available under the Uniform Code of Military Justice and Army administrative regulations to maintain good order and discipline among the units.
To be an effective commander, or an effective adviser to the commander, you have to know the rules and regulations that the Army prescribes to address misconduct, said Nelson, a 2005 graduate of the University of Kansas Law School, Lawrence, Kan. Misconduct is a big deal because we want to maintain the discipline of our forces to enhance readiness.
The UCMJ consists of a wide variety of legal and administrative actions, Nelson said.
Traditionally, junior officers get legal instruction at their officer basic courses, but its typically short in duration and not as in-depth as this, Nelson said.
Because of that, commanders often dont know the breadth of the administrative and other legal actions available to them when it comes to administering justice to Soldiers, he said.
One of the points highlighted during the course was that though commanders have attorneys working for them, they must still understand their legal roles and responsibilities, and understand the variety of legal tools available to ensure discipline and personnel readiness.
We want them to understand that their role as a commander is intertwined with being a semi-judicial officer and, sometimes administering punishment to instill good order and discipline when appropriate. It helps them realize that they wield a lot of power, and, because of that, they really need to understand the rules and procedures, Nelson said.
Another point Nelson emphasized was Soldiers have rights that need to be respected.
The Constitution applies in the Army setting, applies always and everywhere, Nelson said. Soldiers are different from the civilian population because theyve raised their right hand and swore an oath to defend the Constitution. If we are planning on taking something from them, be it freedom, their job or money, they need to be afforded the proper due-process rights, and part of being a good leader is knowing what those due process rights are.
At the beginning of the orientation, Col. Ken Kamper, 17th Fires Brigade commander, stressed training goals. Everything we do is training or leader development. Theres no doubt youre going to learn something today, Kamper said.
Kamper emphasized how vital leaders legal tools and authorities are to command climate.
Coupling that knowledge with an understanding that each Soldiers case stands on its own individual merits, Kamper said, leaders are then in the best position to assess the totality of a case, along with the Soldiers extenuation and mitigation, in determining the best approach to any particular situation.
Captain Walter Kruse, the 125th Forward Support Company commander, 1st Battalion, 94th Field Artillery Regiment, supported the in-depth legal training. Kruse learned about due process during a company commanders course, but said, it just didnt do what this course is doing for us. As a young lieutenant, I really didnt get much of this and the guidance wasnt there.
Kruse said JOLO gave him the tools to develop himself further and to develop those under him.
Getting my lieutenants where I wish I was at as a lieutenant is really important, as well as learning more myself for when these kind of issues come up, Kruse said.